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c-di-GMP assay

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Main Info

  • DESCRIPTION Spinach aptamer-based c-di-GMP sensor.
  • KIT SIZE Sufficient for 100 assays or one 96-well plate.
  • STORAGE CONDITIONS Stable for 2 year at -20 ºC.

Assay Description

The cyclic-di-guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) assay is a simple mix-and- read, highly selective, HTS-ready assay to measure c-di-GMP levels in cells. This homogenous assay can be used to detect c-di-GMP in any biochemical or enzymatic reaction that produces c-di-GMP or in cell-based applications to monitor intracellular c-di-GMP concentrations.

Assay Principle

The evolution of the fluorescent signal is dependent on the initial binding of c-di-GMP to the c-di-GMP riboswitch in the sensor. This results in the stabilization of the SpinachTM aptamer, which in turn binds DFHBI-1T to produce fluorescence. The fluorescence can be measured using GFP/FITC filter sets or with excitation at 482nm and emission at 505nm.

 

 

Ease of Use

The c-di-GMP assay is easy-to-use and homogenous. Simply incubate your samples with the provided assay reagents for 30 min and read the samples on a fluorescence plate reader with FITC/GFP filter or excitation wavelength 482nm and emission wavelength 505nm.

 

Quick Response and Good Signal Stability

The c-di-GMP sensor produces signals rapidly upon c-di-GMP detection, and thus allows fast measurement. The fluorescent signal is stable over time and thus allows batch-mode processing of samples. Excellent HTS parameters are attained as early as 30 min of assay setup and remain high for a prolonged period of time.

 

Broad Dynamic Range

The assay is sensitive even at 50nM of c-di-GMP and has a broad dynamic range.

 

Selectivity

The c-di-GMP sensor is highly selective for c-di-GMP with no interference from common counter ligands.

 

 

 

The assay achieves excellent HTS assay parameter (Z factor >0.9) even when compared with 500 – 1,000-fold excess of counter ligands such as GMP, pGpG, and c-AMP-GMP.

Compatibility with Cell-Based Assays

The c-di-GMP assay can be used to measure intracellular c-di-GMP concentrations in bacteria in a homogenous format without pelleting, lysis, or wash steps. Simply supplement the assay buffer containing bacterial culture with BC reagent, add sensors and fluorophores, incubate for 30 min, and read on a fluorescence reader.

 

c-di-GMP Estimation in Bacteria

E.coli cells expressing wild type WspR (a diguanylate cyclase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa) were treated with nitrofurazone (antibiotic), dimethyl formamide/DMF (carrier), or left untreated (control). In addition, the bacteria were also plated at varying cell densities to simulate varying c-di-GMP levels. Cyclic-di-GMP concentrations in bacterial cells growing in a 96-well plate were measured without any pelleting, washes, lysis, or organic extraction.

 

c-di-GMP Standard Curve

Presence of antibiotic or carrier did not affect the performance of the c-di-GMP assay.

 

c-di-GMP Estimate in WT WspR Cells

The c-di-GMP assay shows the changes in c-di-GMP concentrations in bacteria in response to antibiotic treatment and varying bacterial cell densities.